The art of collage is the centre of Gibb Slife’s practice. He challenges what might be perceived as ordinary or mundane.
Born in Philadelphia in 1950, Steve McCurry is one of the most important photojournalists of the last fifty years.
We all know that feeling when we’re watching someone talk about something they’re passionate about: their hobbies, hopes and dreams. Whether that’s someone close to
The COVID-19 pandemic has been tumultuous and anxiety-ridden for the creative world. But for British artist Clare Woods, it’s proven to be an extraordinary catalyst.
For his first solo exhibition in Italy, Alexandre da Cunha’s ‘Arena’ opened at Thomas Dane Gallery’s outpost in Napoli.
Daniel Soder is a photographer and sculptor based in Atlanta. Influenced by the light and space movement, Daniel’s artistry is both aesthetically and technically executed
Italian artist Rossella Biscotti tells us about her beginnings in Puglia and then in Naples, where she studied and started her international artistic path.
At one point or another within the last ten years, I’ve laughed, cried, gossiped and shared meals with Betty Tompkins (alongside her husband, Bill Mutter)
Tomas Nanne is in the art of uplifting the parts of the city that have become unnoticeable. The parts of the city we’ve forgotten what
Leaving behind linear time and boundaries, Janaina Tschäpe offers viewers new methods of communication through form, gesture, and colour.
Based in Australia, Loralee has cultivated a flowing synergy between her life and her art. She believes that to be an artist demands a lifestyle
Through multiple modes of expression, Italian artist Elisabetta Benassi recounts the socio-cultural and artistic traditions that have characterized the 20th century.
Photographer Vasantha Yogananthan uses a contemporary lens to reimagine India’s founding epic of Hindu mythology, the Ramayana, in his seven-part series A Myth of Two Souls.
‘Are you an artist or a machine?’ Prolific artist, El Cavo, ends the interview with the above. A question that, among other things, grabs us
A FRONTRUNNER exclusive: Michelangelo Pistoletto reveals his latest project, his battle with COVID-19, and his hopes for young artists.
FRONTRUNNER presents our Summer 2020 cover feature: an intense, illuminating discussion with Alastair Mackinven during the COVID-19 lockdown.
A FRONTRUNNER Exclusive: Artist, lecturer, educator and illustrator Beverly Brodsky is presented to a new generation of readers and viewers.
Recovering Classicism for the streets is the focus of Swiss-Italian artist Andrea Ravo Mattoni’s practice.
There’s a certain satisfaction in discovering an artist by mistake, in a gallery you were never meant to be at, in the first place. Stumbling
Buenos Aires-born artist Agustina Woodgate walks FRONTRUNNER through her work for The Armory Show 2020 with Spinello Projects, Miami.
FRONTRUNNER chats with Ciléne Andréhn, who alongside Marina Schiptjenko founded the Stockholm (and now Paris) based gallery, Andréhn-Schiptjenko
Artists Ben Urban and Billy Stanley are the forces behind Flatlands Project: an alternative project space in Hastings, on England’s southastern coast.
FRONTRUNNER meets Wanda Nanibush, an Anishinaabe curator, artist, author and educator. She is Curator of Indigenous Art at the Art Gallery of Ontario.
Alec Cumming is an emerging artist from Norwich, UK. He’s exhibited at venues in Los Angeles, New Delhi, and with The Edit Gallery in Limassol, Cyprus.
Ashik and Koshik Zaman are the driving force behind Stockholm-based C-Print: a non-profit focused on increasing the visibility of diverse artistic voices.
FRONTRUNNER meets artist C.Finley, known for dazzling, revived Renaissance icons and deco-graphic landscapes. She divdes her time between New York and Rome.
Italian painter/performance artist Caterina Silva describes her practice and how living a nomadic existence shapes her professional and personal journey.
Photographer Hillary Johnson speaks to FRONTRUNNER about documenting the ongoing protests in Hong Kong, and cataloguing its “last generation”.
Visual artist Hamra Abbas introduces her fluid practice and her latest exhibition, Every Color Is A Shade of Black, at the COMO Museum in Lahore, Pakistan.
Miranda Lundberg founded Works By Friends last year as a curated art project to offer pop-up exhibitions, limited edition prints, and online studio visits to a group of artists that she felt were seeking a new path in today’s art world.
FRONTRUNNER meets Joanna Kamm, director of Liste Basel, one of the most internationally-renowned contemporary art fairs, founded in 1995.
Neapolitan sculptor Rebecca Moccia introduces FRONTRUNNER to her project alongside the founder of Nouveau Réalisme, Mimmo Rotella, at The Armory Show 2020.
FRONTRUNNER speaks with the co-directors of POSITIONS Berlin, Heinrich Carstens and Kristian Jarmuschek about the future of, and new visions for, art fairs.
FRONTRUNNER presents a new reflection on Los Angeles-based artist Delia Brown’s Guerilla Lounging series, first launched in 2000.
Soft, yet precise. LA-based artist Theodora Allen’s tableau of works offers an ethereal image of nature; of worldly objects and untamed beasts.
For The Armory Show 2020, FRONTRUNNER and Lia Halloran presented an exclusive zine showcasing her work, featuring a Q&A with the artist.
British artist Shezad Dawood (London, 1974) is known for his multimedia practice that deconstructs systems of image, language, site and narrative.
In a special guest post for FRONTRUNNER, Cuban photographer Antonio Hernández in conversation with Miami-based artist/cultural activist Alette Simmons-Jimenez.
FRONTRUNNER spoke to Spanish artist Abel Azcona (Madrid, 1988) to talk – without inhibitory brakes or moral laws – about his life, his art, and his forthcoming projects. Azcona is a performer and uses the story of his intimate personal life to free himself from chains of the past that have marked him to this day.
Daria Khan is a founder and curator of Mimosa House, an independent non-profit project space in London. Khan is an independent curator, who graduated with an MA in Curating Contemporary Art at the Royal College of Art in 2013.
The artistic practice of Gabriele De Santis (Rome, 1983) was created on the basis of one modus operandi: between installations and painting in which nature, space, and the matter of things become a single conceptual form from which the user will interpret the work, themselves.
Andrea Galvani’s work is that art where nothing is left to chance, a result of his continuous travels around the world from one airport to another.
Organized by guest curator Emily Colucci, the group exhibition Idol Worship at Smack Mellon in Brooklyn celebrates the ongoing cultural, social and political significance of
Loneliness, space, time and silence. They are the keys to reading Kyle Thompson’s photography. The abandoned, isolated and melancholic environments open sensitive horizons that the spectator is invited to grasp in every image.
When Ben Edmunds began thinking of where he wanted his life to lead, there was not one clear answer. As time progressed, he began ticking off things that he knew he ‘definitely did not want to do’ and soon found one constant that remained: art.
Starting from airplanes that look like paper, but in reality they’re made of polished or colored aluminium. Daniele Sigalot fully represents his world of contrasts and contradictions that find logic between journeys and ideas that arise during work.
Ahead of the artist’s first London exhibition, Loribelle Spirovski (who is of Serbian-Filipino descent) speaks to FRONTRUNNER about her career and the roles that her heritage and upbringing play in her practice.
Negin Sharifzadeh’s recent photographs, sculptures and animations challenge the eternal Feminine in the history of Renaissance art to reinterpret and represent Middle Eastern histories.
With the hashtag #PalazzoInMostra, Palazzo Bonaparte was inaugurated in Piazza Venezia in Rome on 9 July: a new space dedicated to art and culture in Italy.
Pier Paolo Spinazzè (1982) a.k.a. Cibo, is an international street artist with his aim at peace and union, without distinction. For over twenty years, his modus operandi has been to transform any written element or symbol of hatred within various cities into culinary forms.
In the age of social media, expressive vanity has become a mainstay of contemporary culture; from the more clever, subtle expressions of beauty and talent
Experimenting a return to origins: this is the key to understanding the work of Salvatore Emblema. Born in Terzigno (Napoli) in 1929 and died in 2006, the Neapolitan considered the essence of matter in his art.
Ronit Porat’s collage-like procedure may be classed as a Dadaist photomontage method. She uses these images, which she alters by means of trimming, in order to allow new narratives to arise and historical boundaries to become visible in her installations.
Through his art, Brooklyn-based painter Jacob Hicks has decided to add to the many voices of displeasure in speaking out against the Trump administration with a portrait of 100 women “in defiance of sexism”.
Success as an artist was, once upon a time, defined as that moment when one’s work found a home on the white walls of a gallery. Anything found outside those walls was labelled as a scribble, defacement, or outright vandalism. Enter London-based collective Graffiti Life.
Italian artist Nicola Samorì describes his work with an exclusively tormented approach. In fact, in each artwork, sculpture or painting, he harbors a strong and restless sensitivity that takes shape every time he confronts a figure.
Nicolas Holiber has taken on an ambitious public sculpture project in New York with the Broadway Mall Association and Audubon Society. Ten massive birds were installed last week: each New York City bird is in danger of extinction due to threats caused by climate change.
The words “FRUIT”, “MILK”, “SHADE” don’t immediately spark associations with wilful protest. Text and spontaneous production are both qualities that underpin the practice of London-based visual artist Shaan Syed.
La Biennale di Venezia – the 58th International Art Exhibition – saw thousands toting their trademark canvas goodie bags filled with heavy art catalogues as they wandered across the two main sites at the Giardini and Arsenale. The exhibition, May We Live in Interesting Times, opened on May 11 and will run till November 24, with visual material from artists representing 89 different countries.
Sarah Bereza is building an army with a graceful craft that tames the fluid shifts of her sensual forms. She sharpens her tools to playfully eliminate distinctions between painting and sculpture.
PARADICE PALASE is the joyful curatorial project of Kat Ryals and Lauren Hirshfield that seeks to confront limitations in the art world by building an artist-first, community-minded and inclusive model.
Ryan McCann has no other choice. “If anyone is consciously considering becoming an artist, I’d say, do anything else,” says McCann, with a combination of
Hernease Davis stretches herself and stories across photograms, cyanotypes, performance and craft to emphasize self-care through the artistic process. Her photograms and cyanotypes are created
Jo Shane’s work investigates themes of desire, consumption and human nature through a viscerally personal lens. We caught her installation DISCLAIMER in a transformed garage at Wallplay ON CANAL.
Rapid strokes, full throttle brushwork and gentle fascination mark the work of Naples-based artist Ferdinando Sorgente.
Alison Kuo’s artworks examine power and class dynamics through the language of food. Her participatory performances invite her audience to collaborate, and to eat, within the framework of an installation.
Frontrunner is pleased to present a one-on-one with internationally celebrated artist, designer and illustrator Cary Kwok
From the outside, a contemporary gallery’s main hub in the Irish capital seems unremarkable. The external simplicity belies the internal image that is brought to life against the blank canvas of the gallery’s inner walls.
Hiroya Kurata is a painter who began his professional practice attached to the street. His works are now more muted, more introspective than those from a decade ago.
For the Independent Art Fair New York 2019, Frontrunner Magazine and Donald Urquhart presented Rien, an exclusive zine that showcases new work and a Q&A
Andrew Erdos and Yasue Maetake’s second collaboration, Amorphous Terrain II, disperses forms in their shifting state throughout the space of 5-50 Gallery in Long Island City.
Brooklyn-based artist Naima Green is best known for her photographic portraits with a patient, thoughtful energy that belies a quietly radical and kaleidoscopic vision.
Marshall and Marple: A studio practice match made in heaven.
Between veils and “secret photos”, Museo MADRE Napoli presents a Robert Mapplethorpe solo exhibition entitled Choreography For An Exhibition.
A perpetually curious interdisciplinary artist, Michela Martello brings together traditional and contemporary influences through a feminine, and feminist, lens
In a special guest post for FRONTRUNNER, Holly Howe interviews Scottish artist Rachel Maclean and her busy exhibition showings throughout London this winter.
For Art Basel Miami Beach 2018, Frontrunner Magazine and Betty Tompkins present an exclusive zine that showcases her new work, alongside a double Q&A with Tompkins and gallerist Rodolphe Janssen. Tompkins will be represented by rodolphe janssen (Brussels) and P.P.O.W Gallery (New York) at the fair.
Pigeon Pat is a Brooklyn-based pigeon-flyer, sculptor and zine-maker who is a part of one of New York City’s unique, longstanding subcultures.
Artissima celebrates 25 years in Torino The 25th edition of Artissima, the international contemporary art fair in Torino, was held from 1 to 4 November
Frieze Week in London is generally designed to do two things: attract celebrities to snap their Instagram photos in front of all manner of artworks
After 15 successful years in New York, in 2015 gallerist Tarrah Von Lintel relocated her gallery to a new, larger space in the Culver City neighborhood in Los Angeles.
With no home, where do you go? Your friend’s house usually. So following that train of thought, I started reaching out to people and discussing the idea of moving the shows to other new venues.
It’s something to get excited about. I find if I look too much on social media or the news, I get bummed. Look beyond the surface of the scrolling that everyone is so fixated with these days. I like the silent interaction when the viewers look at a specific piece or take in the whole show.
Our shows are driven by the exploration of ideas. For example, “ The Threads of Fate” , the inaugural exhibition at “Dust to Dust,” positioned mark-making as being intimately linked to the acts of conjuring, divination, and the reimagining of events.
Humor, politics, and bedazzling collide in Liz Zito’s “cool trash life,” an ethos she shares with the world via her instagram, blog, performance and video
There’s certainly sexual elements to many of the pieces, but I really wouldn‘t say my work is erotic art. I don’t like classifications it seems way too limiting.
At times I believe making art is about recreating the self, and finding the courage to expose that to the world. The fear lies in being misunderstood. So I believe that is my goal in a sense, to be misunderstood.
Bronx Faces is inherently collaborative. I think about their response as I create their work. I’ve actually asked people, do you want something specific in your portrait?
There’s a level of hard work, focus, and perseverance that you have to have with both to be successful.
2012 Magic Island, 72×72. “I’m really connected with the act of painting,” explains Brooklyn-based artist Shara Hughes as she tries to corral her Boston Terrier
Photo by Jacqui Ipp. With talent as a musician (he grew up playing the accordion) and artist, creative savant Ro combines his passions to create
The SPRING/BREAK Art Show is always a refreshing stop on the “NYC Armory week” circuit. The least commercial of the fairs, SPRING/BREAK is the cool
It’s all about energetic transformation–all the work has that at its root.
A creator of “digital vacations.” Brooklyn-based painter Emma Stern integrates animation, virtual reality, and fantasy worlds into a new universe.
FRONTRUNNER plays word games with Atlanta-based painter Ridley Howard
The color allows change, and in return I imagine anything that may surface.
I believe beautiful ripples from people creating in the world are often invisible in the material sense.
I thought it was a great opportunity to elevate it: more cultured, richer, more inviting, more surprising. To make it more interesting, because these downtowns are dying as more people buy things on Amazon or go to the mall. But Downtown Hollywood is doing well, and I think it has something to do with the Mural Project.
Art is input and art is life, that’s the beauty of being an artist, anything can inspire us and we must be open to experiences and opportunities and always working to get better.
I liked that idea of humor and taboo combined with the genuine attraction and curiosity.
Think unicorns, lollipops, rainbows, sparkle and shine but in the form of a majestic cloud.
..his paintings and color-pencil drawings are raw, undulating, boldly unflinching glimpses into the visual modalities with which we process words and shapes: loud colors, geometric tessellations, and surreal motion
Leigh McCarthy has spun these seemingly alien elements into a critical lens on a very real, very fragile environment: the seas.
When Storm Ritter invites you to her public studio/storefront Storm Ritter Studio on 8th St, you feel as if you’ve entered a psychedelic dream world.
Legacy Fatale: The Performance Collective Raising Feminist Awareness Through Art, Nature and Ties to Ancient History and Politic of Resistance
Meet Legacy Fatale: a performance project that revisits age-old practices of feminism and mysticism through dance and movement.
The goal of my work is not to harm myself. I start with the image/idea and work backward through the logistics.
It’s been quite a mentally violent “awakening”. OVERLAY is actually a poetic answer to the kind of violence we are enduring, especially as that violence relates to women’s bodies and women’s civil, political and personal rights.
It’s crucial to me that what I offer to the viewer remains as open as it can be, open to interpretation and all sorts of feelings. All of my work is about that, about facilitating feelings and allowing the viewer to be responsive.
What we found was very violent, very powerful. I wanted the real thing. Not After Effects and postproduction. You don’t cheat.
The founders of Alt + Esc share why they’re rebelling against the traditional art world.
Established and emerging artists share rooms, for free, in underused and historic New York City spaces. We approve everything that comes in, not only for quality control, but for our sense of its relevance in the current cultural climate and our own personal tastes.
I would essentially destroy or obliterate myself in the attempt to match myself to a certain image. And it always involved a tremendous loss- those works are all really tragic because they illuminate what happens when you are willing to abandon everything else in favor of the image.
In general I’m interested in taking content that was meant to document something historical and re-cropping or framing it in a way that is more aesthetic and less documentary, to undercut some of that “authority.”
I wanted to narrow down my ideas and push my patterns and lines to a minimal state while focusing on more movement within a still life. I continue to build on these ideas and I feel that my work is constantly evolving because I am constantly exploring.
I like all my work to feel as personal as possible.
The energetic portraits that I create are inspired by the person, their energy, sound, their movements, how the blood flows in their face.
Don’t be optimistic or pessimistic! Be alive! Art that embraces the good, the bad, the frenzied and the absurd is where it’s at.
…ultimately I want to make random New Yorkers stop for a second and feel something.
There are still a few purists out there; those who consider the word “curator” to be earned rather than “assigned” by the quick shifts of social media algorithms or Twitter analytics.
He is a free agent, able to move about seamlessly though variant circles of contemporary art, both high and low. He seems to revel in movement, even though the things he references in his work are highly static and petrified.
I was looking for more of a material connection than I had personally felt with paint and with the rectangular image. But in the moment, it felt really spontaneous. Thread solved a lot of the problems I had in painting–formally. That is also why I ran with it. It forced me to slow down.
At the core, I always seem to want to make an image that’s hard to look at but also locks you in…
Miami isn’t just Basel. Repeat (and clarify): Miami is NOT just the week of Art Basel Miami Beach and its surrounding festivities.
The body of work in the show is very personal – it captures those fleeting moments – the ones you want to savor.
Who would have guessed that a closet in a Greenpoint apartment would be a captivating way to show cutting-edge art, as well as bring together a supportive community of artists and art viewers?
“It reduces stress! Increases your metabolism! Detoxifies the body! Strengthens your immune system!” That alone was sort of interesting to me. Can it also ward off evil spirits? Prevent clumsiness? Make me appreciate jazz?
There’s the kind of synthetic, pre-fabricated “beauty” you could find on Instagram, nowadays, and then there’s unmitigated, elevated beauty.
I highlighted various tropes and stereotypes of femininity, domestic labor, beauty and female anger, ideas of remaining pleasant, whilst suffering in silence.
I’d like to make work on a more detailed and sensory level. I came to Joshua Tree to live more intentionally and be able to experience my life as it happens rather than trying to catch up. I want to connect–I want people that look at my work to feel something transformative.
It took time to build up the confidence to take pictures of people. I started out timid, shooting from the hip and hiding the camera. I hated that feeling – and the shots were terrible. But after a couple of weeks of studying and practicing in the city, it got easier.
I tend to look at things in a more abstract way. Even when I am using more representational imagery, I am thinking in abstract terms. For example, butterflies are viewed more as pieces of color and shapes.
I felt that I was turning myself inside-out, turning white-to-black and vice versa held strong symbolic meaning psychologically. I started to dream about the paintings. They came alive and communicated to me why they needed to exist.
I like the contradiction of a really raw and simple material combined with these fragmented pieces. That’s how I see my life and people in general.
It comes from a dark place, but when I’m making it, it’s a way for me to process. I’m laughing as I’m making it, but I’m being half-serious too. I think for me, it’s more about anger, venting and satire.
We know that women’s bodies are very marketable. There is an innate power in women’s bodies, which has been distorted.
I’m interested in making things that are perfectly imperfect.
Months went by and we came to get beer or something. B. Thom asked to use the bathroom not knowing where it was. He opened the secret hatch, then came down here.
I don’t want any fantasy in my images. I want viewers to look at the photos and see these beautiful people as they are.
I made these masked geometric paintings based on collage and thought, “These are awesome.” Then I went to Holland for a month on a residency, came back and thought, “These are awful.” I started destroying them by wet-sanding them and I noticed what was happening.
It’s just as visible. You’re not erasing or removing anything. You’re just adding to the composition.
My notion of home–or the way I like to challenge the existing notion of home–is that home is not necessarily a stable thing. It can be in flux and fluid.
I have observed a human behavior that changes at the beach. There is something different about how we interact with each other there, especially how couples interact. I am looking for something specific that just does not happen on the subway or in a park.
I was interested in seeing how masks would work with my minimalist vocabulary. Once they were on people who began walking around, I could not help but start telling stories.
It’s a form that exists in different worlds. It can be incredibly private but still reach a large audience. I can spend solitary hours in my Paper Cave, folding and gluing and sewing until the sun comes up – but the book also allows me to interact with a large community.
I realized that I was interested in locations that were built for function and how, because of their utility and banality, these spaces are often overlooked.
Stories incite reflection, responses to sensations, and encourage engagement with the work. Its important to meet visitors at each point as they traverse through the space.
As a black man in the United States he decided to turn his attention and focus towards challenging the traditions of popular culture while celebrating black culture and the black experience at the same time.
Today, there is a group of artists questioning the creative use of light and our perceptions of brightness in space using all the tools offered by the modern technological age.
I don’t like sketching first… I just put the paint down and have learned to embrace the mistakes because they usually make it better.
I’m a person who has an intricate relationship with my auditory environment. I’m always thinking “what is that sound?” “Where is that coming from?” I have to satisfy my curiosity.
His work is engaging, walking the fine line between fact and fiction, nodding to altered perspectives, and our own relationship to reality in a digital age.
My work is a study and meditation into the slippery notion of American identity, quietly for myself to process, and publicly to contribute what the process yields.
Amir H. Fallah, an artist and founder of Beautiful/Decay Magazine, found acceptance and inspiration in the photocopied ‘zines, punk rock music, graffiti, and skateboarding of his youth.
Matt Mignanelli is a modern painter. An Abstractionist, Mignanelli’s paintings explore the relationship between structure and nature, employing gradating light and structural elements to create enigmatic environments. He draws inspiration from energy, pattern, light, and the industrial landscape.
PIXMA PRO City Senses installation of Canon PIXMA PRO printers producing the collection of intimate Coney Island moments, all shot by local photographers, Aaron Warkov and Robin Riley, and host Norman Reedus (AMC’s The Walking Dead).
Ballast Projects is not a space, not just a gallery, but a curatorial initiative founded by Adam Mignanelli, an artist, curator, and champion of a new generation of emerging New York painters.
Andrew Piccone is a Brooklyn based artist and photographer. This past June, Piccone took a photo each day of the month, for what has become an annual project called This Has Got to Stop
Lemia Monet Bodden is a fine art photographer based in Brooklyn. She created a series of photos for the disaster relief organization Respond and Rebuild working in the Rockaways post-Hurricane Sandy.
Brian Fernandes-Halloran is an artist intent on creating compelling narratives, perceptions, and interactions. Brian’s most recent work uses sculpture and found objects to explore the nature of memory.
Michael Bartalos’ work draws from contemporary and ancient typography, space technology, and a unique depth of influences, inspirations, and concepts.
I draw everyday. Sometimes for 6-8 hours and sometimes for one hour. I usually draw on the train too on my commutes. I love to draw. It brings me joy to draw everyday. It’s like a visual journal.
Photographer Tristan Wheelock and illustrator David Hoskins teamed up to work on a series of photographs complemented by illustration.
Marela Zacarias, a Gowanus based artist, currently has her work on display at the Brooklyn Museum as part of the second season of Raw/Cooked.
The New York City downtown street artist LEGHEAD and photographer Richard Koek teamed up to create a small magazine featuring photographs and artwork.
We consume plastic and are consumed by it. I am interested in our obsession with the material which is a part of almost every person’s life on the planet yet very toxic and damaging.
“I am particularly interested in sound and performance within the gallery space because, when successful, they truly impose a very particular environment on the viewer that is inescapable.”
Adam Ryder is a photographer and visual artist whose works are currently featured at UpriseArt. Michael Fasciano and Courtney Weinblatt recently visited Adam at his Studio in South Williamsburg, which is forged out of an old autobody shop.
In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, I revisit this photo essay with tremendous sadness, but also great hope.
Over time I’ve moved from drawing on paint to create surface, to layering with more physical materials like soot and tape.
This process has been developing over the past year or so and it started at a time when I was questioning the validity of painting as an artifice.
Gordon Douglas Ball is a photographer from Montreal. He’s into ideas not theories. The man is highly independent and extraordinarily original.
Langdon Graves is a Brooklyn Based Sculptor and Artist, as well as a lecturer at the Parsons Institute for Art and Design.